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70周年国庆 特别推荐:中华民国二年贰百文

2019-09-29 22:26

1911年辛亥革命胜利后,清帝退位,中华民国成立。中国民主主义革命的先驱者孙中山就任中华民国临时大总统,并在颁布的“临时大总统令”中提出要“另刊新模,鼓铸纪念币”。1914年,铜元正式改称“铜币”,民国发行的铜币与清最大的区别是龙纹被换成了由稻穗组成的嘉禾纹。各省铸造的铜元大多为两面交叉的旗子,并有“开国纪念币”或“中华民国铜币”字样。

After the victory of 1911 Revolution, Emperor Qing abdicated and the Republic of China was founded. Sun Yat-sen, the pioneer of China's democratic revolution, took office as the interim president of the Republic of China, and in the promulgation of the "interim presidential decree" proposed that "a new model should be published to coin commemorative coins". In 1914, the copper coin was officially renamed "copper coin". The biggest difference between the copper coin issued by the Republic of China and the Qing Dynasty was that the dragon pattern was replaced by the Jiahe grain composed of rice ears. Most of the copper coins cast in the provinces are flags crossed on two sides, with the words "Founding Commemorative Coin" or "Republic of China Copper Coin".

 

【藏品名称】:中华民国二年贰百文

[Title of Collection]: Baiwen Bian in the Second Year of the Republic of China

【类别】:钱币

[Category]: Coins

民国二年,也就是1913年,时任四川军政府都督的胡景伊,在继续铸造“汉”字币的同时,增铸重七钱的二百文大面额铜元。币面中心直书“贰百文”面值,两旁分列嘉穗图案,上沿年号“中华民国二年”,下沿厂名“四川造币厂造”,左右分列十字花星。钱币背中央为交叉的双旗图,外环珠圈,上下沿英文,中华民国和200文。这也是民国时期四川铜元中唯一使用英文的一种货币。由于后来国民政府发行统一币模,各地方钱币即停止铸造发行,因而铸造量少,流通时间短,颇为珍贵。

In 1913, Hu Jingyi, then governor of the Sichuan Military Government, continued to forge the "Han" coins, while adding 200 large copper yuan weighing 7 yuan. The face value of the direct book "Baiwen" in the coin center is separated by Jiasui pattern on both sides, with the year number "Two Years of the Republic of China" on the top and the name "Made by Sichuan Mint" on the bottom, and the Cross stars on the left and right. At the back of the coin, there are two cross-flag pictures, outer ring bead circle, upper and lower edges in English, Republic of China and 200 languages. It was also the only English currency used in Sichuan Copper Yuan during the Republic of China. Since the National Government issued a unified coin model later, local coins stopped being mined and distributed, so the amount of coins minted was small and the circulation time was short, which was quite precious.

双旗币始铸于民国时期,民国在中国历史上仅仅存在了几十年的时间,因此,在兵荒马乱、国内战争频发的期间内,钱币在经历了无穷的岁月之后,依然可以完整地保留下来,实属不易,具有很高的文物收藏价值、历史文化价值以及艺术品鉴价值。虽说民国时期的钱币版本较多,这种正面镌刻有“贰佰文”楷体字、反面印制着“中华民国”双面旗帜的全真纪念币,在当今钱币藏品市场中也不多见。

Dual-flag coins were first coined in the Republic of China, which only existed for several decades in Chinese history. Therefore, during the period of unrest and frequent civil wars, coins can still be preserved intact after endless years, which is not easy, and has a high value of cultural relics collection and historical and cultural value. Value and value of art appreciation. Although there were many versions of coins in the period of the Republic of China, such authentic commemorative coins with the front inscribed in italics and the back printed with the two-sided banner of the Republic of China are rare in today's coin collection market.

双旗贰百文红铜质直缨版之铸主,应为川省境内某地方军阀。民国初年,四川军阀私自设厂铸币之风尚未兴起.即有少数亦未成规模,多为购置手摇机具,小批量铸造,其雕模制版及铸造工艺皆不能与成渝两地造币厂同日而语。故铸工粗劣的双旗二百文红铜质直缨版存世量颇少,甚至少于黄铜质直缨版的存世量。双旗二百文直缨版无论红、黄铜质者,皆可按其币面之嘉穗图麦穗大小,有无麦芒及麦芒长短、麦粒疏密,而分为若干小版式。

The founder of the copper direct reel version of Baiwen red with double banners should be a local warlord in Sichuan Province. In the early years of the Republic of China, the trend of coinage making by Sichuan warlords setting up factories privately was not yet on the rise, that is, a few of them were not yet large-scale, mostly for the purchase of hand-operated machines and small-scale casting, and their engraving, plate-making and casting techniques could not be compared with those of Chengdu and Chongqing Mints. Therefore, the stock of the two hundred bronze direct-reel edition of double banners made by foundry workers is very small, even less than that of the brass direct-reel edition. Both red and brass versions can be divided into several small formats according to the size of spikes, the length of awns, and the density of grains.

此枚藏品是中华民国二年四川造币厂所铸贰佰文双旗币,钱面实心圆圈内正中铸“贰百文”字样,圈内下方为麦穗,圈外上铸“中华民国二年”标明年份,下方铸写“四川造币厂造”六字标明铸地,两侧各一十字星花。背面中间为珠圈,珠圈内铸绘两双旗交叉而立,珠圈外上方为“THE·REPUBOIC·OF·CHINA”英文字样,珠圈下方为“200 CASH”英文字样。

This collection was coined by Sichuan Mint in the second year of the Republic of China with the words "Baiwen" in the middle of the solid circle, wheat ears under the circle, two years of the Republic of China on the outside, six words "made by Sichuan Mint" on the bottom, and a cross star flower on both sides. In the middle of the back is the bead circle. Two flags are cast and painted inside the bead circle. The words "The REPUBOIC. OF. CHINA" are above the bead circle, and the words "200 CASH" are below the bead circle.

此币包浆自然,字体清晰秀气,样式美观大方,发行量极少,流传至今已然十不存一,此枚中华民国二年贰佰文双旗币品相完好,实属难得,具有很高的收藏价值!

This coin is natural, clear and elegant in font, beautiful in style and few in circulation. It has not survived for ten years. These two coins in the two years of the Republic of China are in good condition. They are really rare and have high collection value.

 

 

 

 

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