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70周年国庆 特别推荐:中华民国三年苏维埃版壹圆银币?

2019-09-29 21:38

“袁世凯像中华民国三年苏维埃版壹圆”银币是湘鄂西省苏维埃政府的湘鄂西省农民银行在江西瑞金的造币厂用中华民国三年版的袁世凯像银币翻铸的,银币正面袁世凯像的面部比原版银币袁像稍显粗糙,袁像右侧镌有加框竖排繁体“苏维埃”三字印记,以限在苏区流通使用。银币的背面铸造精美,显然是用缴获的原版袁像银币背面钢模铸造的。因为铸造时间短,铸额很小,加之后来被国民党当局发现和收缴熔毁,故存世量很小。

The silver coin "Yuan Shikai is like the Soviet version of the Republic of China for three years" was coined by the Peasant Bank of Western Hunan and Hubei Province of the Soviet Government of the Western Hunan and Hubei Provinces at the Ruijin Mint in Jiangxi Province with the three-year version of Yuan Shikai's silver coin. The front face of the silver coin is slightly rougher than that of the original version of Yuan Shikai's silver coin, and the right side of Yuan's image is framed and erect. The traditional "Soviet" three-character imprint is limited to circulation in the Soviet area. The back of the silver coin is beautifully cast, apparently in a steel mould on the back of the captured original Yuan Xiang silver coin. Because the casting time is short and the casting amount is very small, it was discovered and collected by the Kuomintang authorities and destroyed, so the world stock is very small.

 

【藏品名称】:中华民国三年苏维埃版壹圆银币 

[Title of Collection]: Three-year Soviet version of one-dollar silver coin in the Republic of China

【类别】:钱币

[Category]: Coins

研究红色货币史,不仅是研究革命根据地经济史、社会发展史、军事发展史、政治斗争史的重要内容,也是研究革命根据地群众的生产、生活、经济状况,以及风土人情等方面的重要内容。

The study of the history of red currency is not only an important part of the study of the economic history, social development history, military development history and political struggle history of the revolutionary base areas, but also an important part of the study of the production, life, economic conditions, customs and human feelings of the masses in the revolutionary base areas.

此枚民国三年“苏维埃”袁大头银币。正面铸有袁世凯侧面肖像及铸造年度“中华民国三年”,袁像右侧戳有竖排繁体“苏维埃”三字印记,背面铸有嘉禾花纹,中间铸有“壹圆”字样。

This three-year "Soviet" Yuan Datou silver coin of the Republic of China. The front side is cast with the side portrait of Yuan Shikai and the year of founding "Three Years of the Republic of China". The right side of the Yuan image is stamped with the three-character mark of vertical traditional "Soviet". The back side is stamped with the pattern of Jiahe, and the middle is stamped with the word "one circle".

关于该银币上的“苏维埃”三字印记成因,目前是众说纷纭。有人认为该币为1931年湘鄂西省苏维埃政府的湘鄂西省农民银行,用中华民国三年(1914)版的“袁世凯像银币”翻铸的土版银币,仅限在苏区流通使用。

There are different opinions on the causes of the "Soviet" three-character imprint on the silver coin. Some people think that the coin is the Peasant Bank of Western Hunan and Hubei Province of the Soviet government of Western Hunan and Hubei Province in 1931. It is only used in circulation in the Soviet Area by the local version of the three-year (1914) version of the "Yuan Shikai like silver coin" of the Republic of China.

但是红军时期所铸造的货币,质地不均,工艺粗糙,铸造水平有限,而有“苏维埃”字样的“民三”银元,质地良好,工艺精美,似非苏维埃当时的水平所能及,加之翻铸成本大,过于浪费,银元“翻铸说”,似乎很牵强。

However, the coins cast in the Red Army period were of uneven texture, rough workmanship and limited casting level, while the "minsan" silver coins with the character of "Soviet" were of good texture and exquisite workmanship, which were similar to the Soviet's level at that time. In addition, the cost of recasting was too large and wasteful, so the "recasting theory" of silver coins seemed far fetched.

有人认为是“戳印说”,多数人认为红军是在原有的“袁大头”上盖戳,打上自己的印记,使其成为苏区的法定货币。但盖戳需要很大的力度,且会使银元严重变形,对货币有损,非上策,估计红军不会这样对货币进行破坏的。再就是“改刻说”,即在银元上加刻“苏维埃”字样,加刻既经济,又美观,只要有一个成熟的作匠,一天就可以改刻多枚。这对于红军来说,是可行、可取的好办法,也是最简便的方式。

Some people think it is "stamp theory", most people think that the Red Army stamped on the original "Yuan Datou" and stamped its own stamp, making it the legal currency of the Soviet Area. But stamping requires a great deal of strength, and will cause serious deformations of the silver dollar, which will damage the currency. It is not the best policy. It is estimated that the Red Army will not destroy the currency in this way. Then there is the "alteration theory". That is to say, the inscription of "Soviet" on the silver dollar is economical and beautiful. As long as there is a mature craftsman, it can be altered in more than one day. This is a feasible and desirable way for the Red Army and the simplest way.

该币产生于那硝烟弥漫的战争年代,服务于中国人民不屈不挠的革命斗争实践,它是中国人民前仆后继、流血牺牲、可歌可泣的革命史、抗战史的见证,是一件珍贵而不可多得的革命文物,具有重要的文物价值和研究价值!

The coin originated in the smoky war era and served the relentless revolutionary struggle practice of the Chinese people. It is the testimony of the Chinese people's succession, bloody sacrifice, sobbing revolutionary history and anti-Japanese war history. It is a precious and rare revolutionary cultural relic with important cultural relic value and research value.

 

 

 

 

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